- ESMA study showed the impact of short-selling disclosure on investor behaviour.
- Analysed net short positions reported under the Short-Selling Regulation (SSR).
- Published in ESMA’s latest trends, risks, vulnerabilities (TRV) report No. 1, 2018.
- SSR requires public disclosure of net short over 0.5% of company issued shares.
- Firms must also report to authorities shorts above 0.2%, and each further 0.1%.
- SSR aims to reduce settlement and other risk on uncovered or naked short-sale.
- Regulation came into force in 2012 and ESMA, in December 2017, advised on revision.
ESMA 2018 Findings
- Found 210,341 net short positions were reported, from January 2013 to December 2016.
- Short positions on over 2,000 European shares, majority being UK and German.
- ESMA analysis revealed around 1,000 different investors are active in EU shares.
- Large majority is domiciled in US (40%), UK (30%), and only 15% in rest of EU.
- Short-selling is highly concentrated, 150 investors account for 80% of positions.
- Investors avoid crossing public disclosure threshold to keep their strategy secret.
- Disclosure of large shorts might reinforce herd behaviour in short-sale activities.